Easily configure Start via Windows 10 MDM

This blog post is about the ability to configure Start on Windows 10 devices. Mainly focused on Windows 10 Desktop devices. Before Windows 10, version 1703, it was already possible to configure the layout of Start by using the StartLayout setting. Windows 10, version 1703, introduces many, many more settings related to configuring Start via Windows 10 MDM. All of these settings are available via the existing Policy CSP. These new settings range from configuring settings available in the Settings panel until configuring settings related to the Power button and the user tile.

In this post I’ll go through almost all newly introduced settings and I’ll briefly show how to configure these settings by using Microsoft Intune hybrid and standalone. I’ll end this post by showing the effect of the configured settings for the end-user.

Available settings

As Windows 10, version 1703, introduced many new settings to manage Start, I thought it would be good to briefly go through these new settings. The root node for the Start related settings is, in the Policy CSP, ./Vendor/MSFT/Policy. The Start related settings are grouped below ./Vendor/MSFT/Policy/Config/Start and contains the following settings.

Setting Value Description
ForceStartSize 0 – Do not force
1 – Force non-fullscreen
2 – Force fullscreen
This setting allows the administrator to force the Start screen size
HideAppList* 0 – None
1 – Hide all app list
2 – Hide and disable
3 – Hide, remove and disable
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by collapsing or removing the all app list.
HideChangeAccountSettings 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Change account settings option from the user tile.
HideFrequentlyUsedApps* 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the the most used apps.
HideHibernate 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Hibernate option from the Power button.
HideLock 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Lock option from the user tile.
HidePowerButton* 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the the Power button.
HideRecentJumplists* 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Recently used items option from the jumplists.
HideRecentlyAddedApps* 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the recently added apps.
HideRestart 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Restart option from the Power button.
HideShutDown 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Shutdown option from the Power button.
HideSignOut 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Sign out option from the user tile.
HideSleep 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Sleep option from the Power button.
HideSwitchAccount 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the Switch account option from the user tile.
HideUserTile* 0 – Do not hide
1 – Hide
This setting allows the administrator to configure Start by hiding the user tile.
NoPinningToTaskbar 0 – Pinning enabled
1 – Pinning disabled
This setting allows the administrator to configure the taskbar by hiding the option to pin and unpin apps on the taskbar.

*Setting requires restart to take effect.

Configure settings

After going through the available settings in the Start node, of the Policy CSP, let’s have a closer look at the configuration of those settings. These available settings can be used in Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone, by using the configuration guidelines shown below.

Environment Configuration guidelines
Microsoft Intune hybrid

Start_IntuneHybridThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page and to select Windows 10 on the Supported Platforms page. Now select Configure additional settings that are not in the default setting groups on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the created configuration items can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Microsoft Intune standalone (Azure portal)

Start_IntuneStandAloneThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone, in the Azure portal, can be performed by creating a Device configuration. Create a new profile, or add a row to an existing custom profile. With a new profile, make sure to select Windows 10 and later as Platform and Custom as Profile type. In the Custom OMA-URI Settings blade, add the custom settings by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the profile can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Effective settings

Let’s end this post with the end-user experience. However, I’ll do that a bit different as I usually do. I’ll do that by showing the settings, and options, that are affected by the available settings.

Start_SettingsThe first section of configurable settings are all related to settings in the Settings panel. More specifically, Settings > Personalization > Start. In this section the following settings can be configured (as shown in the screenshot):

  • HideAppList;
  • HideRecentlyAddedApps;
  • HideFrequentlyUsedApps:
  • ForceStartSize;
  • HideRecentJumpLists.

Note: I’ve had some issues with configuring the HideAppList setting.

Start_PowerButtonThe second section of configurable settings are all related to the Power button. I’ll show these settings, by showing the available options of the Power button and the related setting. In this section the following settings can be configured (as shown in the screenshot):

  • HideSleep:
  • HideHibernate;
  • HideShutdown;
  • HideRestart;
  • HidePowerButton.

Start_UserTileThe third section of configurable settings are all related to the user tile. I’ll show these settings, by showing the available options of the user tile and the related setting. In this section the following settings can be configured (as shown in the screenshot):

  • HideChangeAccountSettings;
  • HideLock;
  • HideSignOut;
  • HideSwitchAccount;
  • HideUserTile.

More information

For more information about the Policy CSP, please refer to this article about the Policy CSP.

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Easily configure desktop and lock screen image via Windows 10 MDM

This blog post uses the Personalization configuration service provider (CSP) to manage the desktop and lock screen image on Windows 10 devices. This CSP was added in Windows 10, version 1703, which is currently available as Insider Preview build.

This blog post is about the ability to easily configure separate images for the desktop and the lock screen on Windows 10 devices. Before Windows 10, version 1703, this was possible by using an MSI or by using the EnforceLockScreenAndLogonImage setting. However, the latter setting was only able to configure the lock screen image and not the desktop image. Windows 10, version 1703, introduces the Personalization CSP, which enables the administrator to manage the desktop and lock screen image. In this post I’ll briefly go through the available settings in the Personalization CSP and I’ll show how to configure the desktop and lock screen image via Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone. I’ll end this post by showing the end-user experience.

Configuration

Now let’s start with the configuration. Like last week I’ll split the configuration in two sections. The first section is about the available settings in the Personalization CSP and the second section is about the configuration of the desktop and lock screen image.

Available settings

As the Personalization CSP is new in Windows 10, version 1703, I thought it would be good to briefly go through the available settings. The root node for the Personalization CSP is ./Vendor/MSFT/Personalization and it contains the following settings.

Setting Description
DesktopImageUrl This setting allows the administrator to specify an image to be used as desktop image.
DesktopImageStatus This setting allows the administrator to query the status of the desktop image.
LockScreenImageUrl This setting allows the administrator to specify an image to be used as lock screen image. 
LockScreenImageStatus This setting allows the administrator to query the status of the lock screen image.

Configure settings

After going through the available settings in the Personalization CSP, it’s good to know that only the DesktopImageUrl and the LockScreenImageUrl are configurable settings. The other two settings can only be used to query the status. To configure the desktop and lock screen image, the following OMA-URI configurations can be used (in both cases the data type and value are the same):

  • OMA-URI – Desktop image: ./Vendor/MSFT/Personalization/DesktopImageUrl
  • OMA-URI – Lock screen image: ./Vendor/MSFT/Personalization/LockScreenImageUrl
  • Data type: String
  • Value: [<PATH>\<FILE>]
    • In this value <PATH> can be a http(s) url, or a file url;
    • In this value <FILE> can be a jpg, jpeg or png image.

This configuration information can be used in Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone, by using the configuration guidelines shown below.

Environment Configuration guidelines
Microsoft Intune hybrid

Personalization_IntuneHybridThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page and to select Windows 10 on the Supported Platforms page. Now select Configure additional settings that are not in the default setting groups on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the created configuration items can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Microsoft Intune standalone (Azure portal)

Personalization_IntuneStandaloneThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone, in the Azure portal, can be performed by creating a Device configuration. Create a new profile, or add a row to an existing custom profile. With a new profile, make sure to select Windows 10 and later as Platform and Custom as Profile type. In the Custom OMA-URI Settings blade, add the custom settings by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the profile can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

End-user experience

As usual, let’s end this post with the end-user experience. Before really going to the end-user experience, it’s good to show an easy method to verify the configuration. The configuration can be verified In the registry, at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\PersonalizationCSP. At this location it shows the url and the status of the desktop and lock screen image. Even better, it also show the local path of both images. In other words, whether the image is local, or remote, it will always be cached and used from a local location, as shown below.

Registry_Personalization

The real end-user experience is, of course, not in the registry. The real en-user experience can be easily found when logging on to the configured Windows 10 device. The desktop image will be configured, as shown below on the right, and the lock screen image will be configured, as shown below on the left.

LogonScreen_Example Desktop_Example

More information

For more information about the Personalization CSP, please refer to this article about the Personalization CSP.

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Require BitLocker drive encryption via Windows 10 MDM

This blog post uses the BitLocker configuration service provider (CSP) to manage drive encryption on Windows 10 devices. This CSP was added in Windows 10, version 1703, which is currently available as Insider Preview build.

This blog post will be about requiring BitLocker drive encryption on Windows 10 devices. Until Windows 10, version 1703, this was not possible. It was only possible to create a compliance policy that would block access to Windows 10 devices without BitLocker enabled. Windows 10, version 1703, introduces the BitLocker CSP, which enables the administrator to manage BitLocker settings via Windows 10 MDM. In this post I’ll briefly go through the available settings in the BitLocker CSP and I’ll show how to require BitLocker drive encryption via Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone. I’ll end this post by showing the end-user experience.

Configuration

I’ll split the configuration in two sections. The first section about the available settings in the BitLocker CSP and the second section about how to configure the BitLocker drive encryption requirement. As the BitLocker CSP is new in Windows 10, version 1703, I thought it would be good to briefly go through the available settings.

Available settings

Let’s start by going through the available settings in the BitLocker CSP. The root node for the BitLocker CSP is ./Device/Vendor/MSFT/BitLocker and it contains the following settings.

Setting Description
RequireStorageCardEncryption This setting allows the administrator to require storage card encryption on the device.
RequireDeviceEncryption This setting allows the administrator to require encryption to be turned on by using BitLocker.
EncryptionMethodByDriveType This setting allows the administrator to configure the algorithm and cipher strength used by BitLocker.
SystemDrivesRequireStartupAuthentication This setting allows the administrator to configure whether additional authentication is required each time the computer starts.
SystemDrivesMinimumPINLength This setting allows the administrator to configure a minimum length for a TPM startup PIN.
SystemDrivesRecoveryMessage This setting allows the administrator to configure the recovery message or replace the existing URL.
SystemDrivesRecoveryOptions This setting allows the administrator to control how operating system drives are recovered.
FixedDrivesRecoveryOptions This setting allows the administrator to control how fixed data drives are recovered.
FixedDrivesRequireEncryption This setting allows the administrator to require BitLocker for fixed data drives to be writable on a computer.
RemovableDrivesRequireEncryption This setting allows the administrator to require BitLocker for a removable drive to be able to write data.

Configure settings

Now that I’ve been through all the available settings in the BitLocker CSP, let’s have closer look at the setting that enables the administrator to require BitLocker drive encryption. That’s the setting RequireDeviceEncryption. However, keep in mind that this still does require an interaction with the end-user. The end-user has to provide information about the currently used drive encryption and the end-user has to start the BitLocker drive encryption process. More about that in the end-user experience section. To require BitLocker drive encryption the following OMA-URI configuration can be used:

  • OMA-URI: ./Device/Vendor/MSFT/BitLocker/RequireDeviceEncryption
  • Date type: Integer
  • Value: 1

This configuration information can be used in Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone, by using the configuration guidelines shown below.

Environment Configuration guidelines
Microsoft Intune hybrid

BitLocker_IntuneHybridThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page and to select Windows 10 on the Supported Platforms page. Now select Configure additional settings that are not in the default setting groups on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the created configuration items can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Microsoft Intune standalone (Azure portal)

BitLocker_IntuneStandaloneThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone, in the Azure portal, can be performed by creating a Device configuration. Create a new profile, or add a row to an existing custom profile. With a new profile, make sure to select Windows 10 and later as Platform and Custom as Profile type. In the Custom OMA-URI Settings blade, add the custom settings by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the profile can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

End-user experience

Let’s end this post with the end-user experience. As I mentioned earlier, the end-user must still interact with the messages generated by the configuration to require BitLocker drive encryption. Once the configuration arrives at the Windows 10 device, the end-user will receive a toast message stating that “Encryption is needed”, as shown below on the left. After selecting that notification, the end-user will receive a dialog box with the question “Are you ready to start encryption”, as shown below on the right.

BitLocker_ToastMessage BitLocker_DialogBox

After checking the applicable boxes and clicking Yes, the end-user will get the standard BitLocker Drive Encryption wizard. During that wizard the end-user must specify the location to back up the recovery key, choose the encryption method and the end-user can start the encryption.

More information

For more information about the BitLocker CSP, please refer to this article about the BitLocker CSP.

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Offboard Windows 10 devices of Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection

This week a follow-up on my post of last week. Last week was about onboarding Windows 10 devices for Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection (ATP) and this week will be about offboarding Windows 10 devices of Windows Defender ATP. For devices that are leaving the company, for whatever reason, it’s good to first offboard those devices of Windows Defender ATP. That will remove the Windows Defender ATP settings from the device and the device will stop collecting and sending data. In this post I’ll show how to offboard Windows 10 devices, via Configuration Manager and Microsoft Intune, and I’ll show the end result. The steps in this post will be similar to the steps in the post of last week.

Configuration

Just like last week, there are multiple methods available to offboard Windows 10 devices of Windows Defender ATP. Those methods are Group Policy, Configuration Manager, mobile device management (including Microsoft Intune) and a local script. I’ll have a closer look at the configurations for offboarding Windows 10 devices via Configuration Manager and Microsoft Intune.

Create offboarding configuration file

Before starting with the configuration, it’s required to create an offboarding configuration file. The process for this is fairly simple and straightforward. Logon to the Windows Defender Security Center and select Endpoint Management. Now select Endpoint offboarding, select the configuration method and download the required file, as shown below. After selecting download, an additional confirmation message will show, mentioning the expiration date of the offboarding package. For security reasons an offboarding package will always expire after 30 days.

System Center Configuration Manager Mobile Device Management
WDATP_SCCM_Offboarding WDATP_MDM_Offboarding

Configure endpoints using Configuration Manager

The first configuration method that I would like to show is using Configuration Manager, by creating and deploying a Windows Defender ATP Policy.  This configuration method is only supported on Windows 10 devices, version 1607 and later, running the Configuration Manager client. On-premises mobile device management and Microsoft Intune hybrid MDM-managed computers are not supported. The following 6 steps show how to create the Windows Defender ATP Policy. After that, simply deploy the created policy.

1 Open the Configuration Manager administration console and navigate to Assets and Compliance > Overview > Endpoint Protection > Windows Defender ATP Policies;
2 On the Home tab, in the Create group, click Create Windows Defender ATP Policy to open the Create Windows Defender ATP Policy Wizard;
3

CWDATPPW_General_OffOn the General page, provide the following information and click Next;

  • Name: Provide a unique name for the Windows Defender ATP policy;
  • Description: (Optional) Provide a description about the Windows Defender ATP policy;
  • Select Offboarding – Remove devices from the online service (for example, when the device is no longer managed).
4

CWDATPPW_ConfigFile_OffOn the Configuration File page, Browse to the WindowsDefenderATP.offboarding file that is available in the downloaded WindowsDefenderATPOffboardingPackage.zip file and click Next;

Note: The default name of the offboarding package, also contains the expiration date of the offboarding package.

5 On the Summary page, click Next;
6 On the Completion page, click Close.

Note: Make sure that a device is not targeted with an onboarding and offboarding configuration at the same time. This might cause unpredictable behavior.

Configure endpoints using Microsoft Intune

The second configuration method that I would like to show is using Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone, Windows Defender ATP supports Microsoft Intune by providing OMA-URI settings to create policies to manage endpoints. To achieve this the following OMA-URI configuration can be used:

  • OMA-URI: ./Device/Vendor/MSFT/WindowsAdvancedThreatProtection/Offboarding
  • Date type: String
  • Value: [Content of the WindowsDefenderATP.offboarding file that is available in the downloaded WindowsDefenderATPOffboardingPackage_valid_until_yyyy-mm-dd.zip file]

Just to make sure that it’s absolutely clear, the value, of the OMA-URI configuration, is literally a copy-paste action of the content available in the WindowsDefenderATP.offboarding file. This information can be used in Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone, by using the configuration guidelines shown below.

Environment Configuration guidelines
Microsoft Intune hybrid

CI_WindowsATP_OffboardingThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page and to select Windows 10 on the Supported Platforms page. Now select Configure additional settings that are not in the default setting groups on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

CIRule_WindowsATP_OffboardingIn this case, I also provide a screenshot of the configured rule. Again to make absolutely sure that it’s a lot of characters that the rule should comply to.

Once the configurations are finished, the created configuration items can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Microsoft Intune standalone

CP_WindowsATP_OffboardingThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone can be performed by starting the Create Policy for Custom Configuration (Windows 10 Desktop and Mobile and later) in the Microsoft Intune administration console. Navigate to the OMA-URI Settings section and the custom settings can be added by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the policy can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Note: Make sure that a device is not targeted with an onboarding and offboarding configuration at the same time. This might cause unpredictable behavior.

End result

Let’s end this blog post by having a look at the end result. I’ll do that by showing that a successful offboarding can be verified in the registry of the Windows 10 device, as shown below. The OnboardingState should be set to 0.

WDATP_Registry_Offboarding

More information

For more information about Windows Defender ATP and the offboarding, please refer to the following articles:

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Onboard Windows 10 devices for Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection

This week a blog post about onboarding Windows 10 devices for Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection (ATP). Windows Defender ATP is a relatively new service that will help enterprises to detect, investigate, and respond to advanced attacks on their networks. In this post I’ll show how to onboard Windows 10 devices, via Configuration Manager and Microsoft Intune, and I’ll show the end result in the Windows Defender Security Center and the Configuration Manager administration console.

Configuration

There are multiple methods available to onboard Windows 10 devices for Windows Defender ATP, Group Policy, Configuration Manager, mobile device management (including Microsoft Intune) and a local script. I’ll have a closer look at the configurations for onboarding Windows 10 devices via Configuration Manager and Microsoft Intune.

Create onboarding configuration file

Before starting with the configuration, it’s required to create an onboarding configuration file. The process for this is fairly simple and straightforward. Logon to the Windows Defender Security Center and select Endpoint Management. Now simply select the configuration method and download the required file, as shown below.

System Center Configuration Manager Mobile Device Management
WDATP_SCCM_Enrollment WDATP_MDM_Enrollment

Configure endpoints using Configuration Manager

The first configuration method that I would like to show is using Configuration Manager, by creating and deploying a Windows Defender ATP Policy. By adding and deploying a client onboarding configuration file, via the Windows Defender ATP Policy, Configuration Manager can monitor the deployment status and the  Windows Defender ATP agent health. Windows Defender ATP is only supported on Windows 10 devices, version 1607 and later, running the Configuration Manager client. On-premises mobile device management and Microsoft Intune hybrid MDM-managed computers are not supported. The following 7 steps show how to create the Windows Defender ATP Policy. After that, simply deploy the created policy.

1 Open the Configuration Manager administration console and navigate to Assets and Compliance > Overview > Endpoint Protection > Windows Defender ATP Policies;
2 On the Home tab, in the Create group, click Create Windows Defender ATP Policy to open the Create Windows Defender ATP Policy Wizard;
3

CWDATPPW_GeneralOn the General page, provide the following information and click Next;

  • Name: Provide a unique name for the Windows Defender ATP policy;
  • Description: (Optional) Provide a description about the Windows Defender ATP policy;
  • Select Onboarding – Add devices to the online service and start sending threat data for analysis.
4

CWDATPPW_ConfigFileOn the Configuration File page, Browse to the WindowsDefenderATP.onboarding file that is available in the downloaded WindowsDefenderATPOnboardingPackage.zip file and click Next;

5

CWDATPPW_AgentConfigOn the Agent Configuration page, select, depending on the requirements, None or All the file types and click Next;

6 On the Summary page, click Next;
7 On the Completion page, click Close.

Configure endpoints using Microsoft Intune

The second configuration method that I would like to show is using Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone, Windows Defender ATP supports Microsoft Intune by providing OMA-URI settings to create policies to manage endpoints. To achieve this the following OMA-URI configuration can be used:

  • OMA-URI: ./Device/Vendor/MSFT/WindowsAdvancedThreatProtection/Onboarding
  • Date type: String
  • Value: [Content of the WindowsDefenderATP.onboarding file that is available in the downloaded WindowsDefenderATPOnboardingPackage.zip file]

Just to make sure that it’s absolutely clear, the value, of the OMA-URI configuration, is literally a copy-paste action of the content available in the WindowsDefenderATP.onboarding file. This information can be used in Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone, by using the configuration guidelines shown below.

Environment Configuration guidelines
Microsoft Intune hybrid

CI_WindowsATP_OnboardingThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page and to select Windows 10 on the Supported Platforms page. Now select Configure additional settings that are not in the default setting groups on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

CIRule_WindowsATP_OnboardingIn this case, I also provide a screenshot of the configured rule. Again to make absolutely sure that it’s a lot of characters that the rule should comply to.

Once the configuration are finished, the created configuration items can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Microsoft Intune standalone

CP_WindowsATP_OnboardingThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone can be performed by starting the Create Policy for Custom Configuration (Windows 10 Desktop and Mobile and later) in the Microsoft Intune administration console. Navigate to the OMA-URI Settings section and the custom settings can be added by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the policy can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

End result

Let’s end this blog post by having a look at the end result. I’ll do that by providing a status view from the Windows Defender Security Center. Before doing that, it’s good to mention that a successful onboarding can be verified in the registry of the Windows 10 device, as shown below.

WDATP_Registry

Once the onboarding is successful for the Windows 10 devices, the information about those devices will start flowing to the Windows Defender Security Center. The Machines section in the Windows Defender Security Center will provide an overview of those devices and their status, as shown below.

WDATP_Machines

To see more information about the Windows 10 devices, click on a device and it will show a Machines view about the selected device. This view contains information about the logged on users, the reporting status, the alerts and the machine timeline. To get information in the Alerts section, I’ve simply created an EICAR test file, as shown below. This also enables me to select the alert and get more information about the alert, see the process tree and see the incident graph.

WDATP_Alerts

From a Configuration Manager perspective, I’ve saved the coolest information until the end. Windows 10 devices managed with the Configuration Manager client and successfully onboarded with the Windows Defender ATP Policy will also report information to Configuration Manager. This information can be viewed via additional columns in normal device views and collections. Even better, it will also show agent information in the Windows Defender ATP Status dashboard, as shown below.

WDATP_SCCM

Keep in mind that the Windows Defender ATP Status dashboard only shows information for Windows 10 devices managed with the Configuration Manager client and not for Windows 10 devices managed via MDM.

More information

For more information about Windows ATP and the onboarding, please refer to the following articles:

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Company Portal app enrollment for Windows 10

This week a small blog post about the Company Portal app enrollment experience, for Windows 10 Desktop devices, that has been recently added to the Company Portal app. This new experience enables the end-user to perform the enrollment procedure during the initial sign-in to the Company Portal app and aligns the enrollment experience with the other supported platforms.. This blog post will show this new enrollment experience, the new alterative enrollment experience and the end result.

Main end-user enrollment experience

Now let’s start by looking at the main new end-user enrollment experience on Windows 10 Desktop devices via the Company Portal app. This complete experience is nothing more than the following 4 simple steps.

1 CompanyPortal_01The end-user opens the Company Portal app and is prompted to provide a work or school account;
2 CompanyPortal_02The end-user provides its work account, which takes the end-user to the sign-in page of the company, provides its password and clicks Sign in;
3 CompanyPortal_03The end-user is brought to a new experience that enables the end-user to immediately start the enrollment of its device by clicking Yes;
4 CompanyPortal_04The end-user is shown a success message and only needs to click Done to continue in the Company Portal app with a successfully enrolled Windows 10 device.

Alternative end-user enrollment experience

The alternative new experience, for Windows 10 Desktop devices, is available when the end-user clicks Skip for now during step 3 mentioned above. This enables the following experience in the Company Portal app.

1 CompanyPortal_05The end-user opens the Company Portal app and should click on the message Either this device isn’t enrolled, or the Company Portal app can’t identify it. To install apps and gain access to company resources, you must enroll or identify this devices. Tap this message to get started.;
2 CompanyPortal_06The end-user is brought to a new experience that enables the end-user to immediately navigate to the standard Windows 10 enrollment experience, by clicking Enroll this device;
3 CompanyPortal_07The end-user is brought to the standard Windows 10 enrollment experience.

End result

The end result during both new enrollment experiences is the same. In both cases the end-user will end-up with a workplace joined and Microsoft Intune managed Windows 10 Desktop device, as shown below.

CompanyPortal_Result_01 CompanyPortal_Result_02
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Deploy the commercial ID via Windows 10 MDM

Yeah, I had some problems this week with thinking of a title that would fit with the content. Usually I’ve got the title before I start with the content, this week not even close. The main reason for that is the fact that this weeks blog post is mainly focused on distributing the commercial ID that’s used for connecting Windows 10 devices to Windows telemetry related solutions, like Upgrade Analytics (preview) and Update Compliance (preview). As those features and terminologies are not that widely known, yet, using commercial ID in the title might not be very catchy. That being said, I used it anyway. This blog post will provide an introduction about what can be achieved by deploying the commercial ID, what the required configurations are and the current administrator experience.

Introduction

Until recently Windows telemetry data, was mainly used as vital technical data from Windows devices about the device and how Windows and related software are performing. Nowadays sharing information with Microsoft helps make Windows and other products better, but can also help making internal processes and user experiences better, as well. Microsoft is in the process of developing sets of analytics customized for internal use. The first two examples of these sets are Update Compliance (preview) and Upgrade Analytics (preview). Update Compliance (preview) can be used to verify the update compliance of Windows 10 in the organization and Upgrade Analytics (preview) can be used to plan and manage upgrade projects to the latest build of Windows 10. Even for devices managed via Windows 10 MDM. This enables organizations to simply report about upgrade and update compliance on all Windows 10 devices. To make sure that the correct information is shown with the correct with organization, the commercial ID is used.

Configuration

Now let’s have a look at the configuration requirements, from a device perspective. To enable devices to report data and make sure that the information can be used for the right purposes, there are two configurations required:

  1. Windows telemetry must be enabled;
  2. Commercial ID must be configured.

Prerequisites

Before starting with the two configurations on the Windows 10 devices, it’s good to keep in mind that the following configurations must be in-place:

  • The organization must use the Operations Management Suite (OMS);
  • The Update compliance (preview) solution must be added to OMS;
  • The Upgrade analytics (preview) solution must be added to OMS.

Step 1: Enable Windows telemetry

The first configuration that must be in-place, is that Windows telemetry must be enabled. This should be at least configured to the basic level. The different levels and the corresponding values are shown below.

Level Data gathered Value
Security Security data only 0
Basic Security data, and basic system and quality data. 1
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To make sure that the Windows 10 devices all have Windows telemetry enabled, the following OMA-URI configuration can be used:

  • OMA-URI: ./Vendor/MSFT/Policy/Config/System/AllowTelemetry
  • Date type: Integer
  • Value: [At least 1]

Now let’s have a look at how these configurations come together for Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone. It’s not a step-by-step guidance, but it should provide enough information to get the correct configurations in-place.

Environment Configuration
Microsoft Intune hybrid

SystemTelemetry_MSIhThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page and to select Windows 10 on the Supported Platforms page. Now select Configure additional settings that are not in the default setting groups on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configuration are finished, the created configuration items can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Microsoft Intune standalone

SystemTelemetry_MSIsThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone can be performed by starting the Create Policy wizard for Custom Configuration (Windows 10 Desktop and Mobile and later) in the Microsoft Intune administration console. Navigate to the OMA-URI Settings section and the custom settings can be added by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the policy can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Step 2: Configure commercial ID

The second configuration that must be in-place, is that the commercial ID must be configured. The commercial ID can be located and generated in the OMS portal. In the OMS portal navigate to Settings > Connected Sources > Windows Telemetry.

Note: Only regenerate a commercial ID key if the original ID key can no longer be used. Regenerating a commercial ID key resets the data in the workspace for all solutions that use the ID.

OMS_WindowsTelemetry

To make sure that the Windows 10 devices all have the correct commercial ID configured, the following OMA-URI configuration can be used:

  • OMA-URI: ./Vendor/MSFT/DMClient/Provider/ProviderID/CommercialID
  • Data type: String
  • Value: [The commercial ID]

Now let’s have a look at how these configurations come together for Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone. It’s not a step-by-step guidance, but it should provide enough information to get the correct configurations in-place.

Environment Configuration
Microsoft Intune hybrid

DMClient_MSIhThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page and to select Windows 10 on the Supported Platforms page. Now select Configure additional settings that are not in the default setting groups on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configuration are finished, the created configuration items can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Microsoft Intune standalone

DMClient_MSIsThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone can be performed by starting the Create Policy for Custom Configuration (Windows 10 Desktop and Mobile and later) in the Microsoft Intune administration console. Navigate to the OMA-URI Settings section and the custom settings can be added by using the earlier mentioned OMA-URI settings.

Once the configurations are finished, the policy can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices.

Administrator experience

Let’s end this blog post by having a look at the administrator experience. I’ll do that by providing a few status views from the OMS portal, related to the Update compliance (preview) and Upgrade analytics (preview) solutions. Before doing that, it’s good to mention that, besides the normal locations for MDM configurations, the commercial ID can be verified on a Windows 10 device in the registry, as shown below.

Reg_CommercialID

Update compliance (preview)

The Update compliance (preview) solution can be located in the overview of the OMS portal. After Windows 10 devices are reporting information, this solution can be used to get overviews about update compliance as shown below (and more).

Overall quality update status – Quality updates are cumulative and can contain both security and non-security fixes. Windows 10 devices that are up-to-date have the latest quality update installed. Besides this overall status overview, this solution provides an overview with the differentiation per OS version. These overviews are selectable and provide even more detailed information about the quality update status. OMS_QualityUpdateStatus
Overall feature update status – Windows 10 devices can be configured to be on Current Branch (CB), Current Branch for Business (CBB) or Long term Servicing Branch (LTSB). Windows 10 devices on the latest CB with the latest quality update installed are considered current. Besides this overall status overview, this solution provides an overview with the differentiation per OS version. These overviews are selectable and provide even more detailed information feature update status. OMS_FeatureUpdateStatus

Upgrade analytics (preview)

The Upgrade analytics (preview) solution can be located in the overview of the OMS portal. After Windows 10 devices are reporting information, this solution can be used to get overviews about the upgrade status, as shown below, and possible application and driver issues.

Note: The Upgrade analytics (preview) solution can also be integrated with Configuration Manager.

Upgrade overview – The Target version, for Windows 10 devices, in this solution can be configured via the Solution Settings. The configured version will impact the information shown in the overviews. Besides the upgrade overview, this solution provides overviews about discovered applications and drivers and their known issues. It does that by providing the following steps to plan an upgrade:

  • Step 1: Identify important apps;
  • Step 2: Resolve issues;
  • Step 3: Deploy;
  • Office add-ins;
  • Site discovery.
OMS_UpgradeOverview

More information

For more information about telemetry, upgrade analytics and update compliance, please refer to the following articles:

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Require multi-factor authentication for enrollment

This week’s blog post will continue about conditional access. However, this time I’m going to look at a specific scenario in which conditional access is the key to making it easy to solve. This week I’m going to show three options, well actually only two, for requiring multi-factor authentication (MFA) during the enrollment of a device. First I’m going through the different configuration options and after that I’ll show the end-user experience per configuration option.

Configuration options

Now let’s start by having a look at the different configuration options. When I’m looking at the different configuration options, I want to look a little bit further than just the Microsoft Intune enrollment. I also want to include the Azure AD join, as it’s a common additional configuration. That makes that to require MFA during the enrollment of a device, the following options are available:

  • Require MFA to join Azure AD;
  • Require MFA for Microsoft Intune enrollment;
  • Require MFA for Microsoft Intune enrollment for Windows devices only.

Option 1: Multi-factor authentication to join Azure AD

The first option is to require MFA to join a device to Azure AD. When Microsoft Intune is configured in Azure AD to automatically enroll during the Azure AD join, it’s possible to simply require MFA to join Azure AD. That would require the end-user to use MFA to join and enroll the device. However, the down-side of this configuration is that it’s really specific to Windows devices that can perform an Azure AD join. When other platforms are in the picture, this solution will not be enough to require MFA during every enrollment.

To configure the MFA requirement for joining Azure AD, the Azure portal and the Azure classic portal can be used. Both configuration options are described below.

Azure portal – In the Azure portal the requirement to use MFA to join devices to Azure AD can be configured by using the following steps.

  • In the Azure portal navigate to Azure Active Directory > Users and groups > Device Settings;
  • Select Yes with Require Multi-Factor Auth to join devices and click Save.
AzurePortal_MFA

Azure classic portal – In the Azure classic portal the requirement to use MFA to join devices to Azure AD can be configured by using the following steps.

  • In the Azure classic portal navigate to ACTIVE DIRECTORY > <Tenant>CONFIGURE;
  • Navigate to the section devices;
  • Select YES with REQUIRE MULTI-FACTOR AUTH TO JOIN DEVICES and click SAVE.
AzureClassicPortal_MFA

Note: Not only do both configuration options have the same effect, but both configurations options are stored in the same location. In other words, when this is configured in the Azure portal it will also show in the Azure classic portal and vice versa.

Option 2: Multi-factor authentication for Microsoft Intune enrollment

The second option is to require MFA to enroll a device into Microsoft Intune. This configuration would require the end-user to always use MFA to enroll a device. For every supported platform. The down-side of this configuration is that it’s really specific to Microsoft Intune enrollments. When there are devices that only need to perform an Azure AD join, this solution will not be enough to require MFA during every Azure AD join.

To configure the MFA requirement for enrolling into Microsoft Intune, the Azure portal and the Azure classic portal can be used. Both configuration options are described below.

Azure portal – In the Azure portal the requirement to use MFA to enroll devices to Microsoft Intune can be configured by using the following steps.

  • In the Azure portal navigate to Azure Active Directory > Enterprise applications > All applications > Microsoft Intune Enrollment > Conditional access;
  • Click Add and specify the following:
    • Specify a name to identify the conditional access policy;
    • In the Users and groups assignment, select All users and click Done;
    • In the Cloud apps assignment, Microsoft Intune Enrollment should be preselected;
    • In the Grant control, select Allow access and Require multi-factor authentication and click Select;
    • Click On with Enable policy and click Create.
AzurePortal_CA_MFA

Azure classic portal – In the Azure classic portal the requirement to use MFA to enroll devices to Microsoft Intune can be configured by using the following steps.

  • In the Azure classic portal navigate to ACTIVE DIRECTORY > <Tenant>APPLICATIONS > Microsoft Intune Enrollment > CONFIGURE;
  • Navigate to the section multi-factor authentication and location based access rules;
  • Select ON with ENABLE ACCESS RULES, select Require multi-factor authentication with RULES and click SAVE.
AzureClassicPortal_CA_MFA

Note: In the Azure portal there are multiple roads to eventually create a conditional access. One is as shown above, by starting with the application, and another is by going straight to Azure Active Directory > Conditional access. This is the overview location of conditional access that shows all the created policies. Adding a new policy at this location, only requires an additional actions to select the correct Cloud app.

Option 3: Multi-factor authentication for Microsoft Intune enrollment for Windows devices only

The third option used to be the option to require MFA to enroll a Windows device into Microsoft Intune. That configuration could be done through the Intune Silverlight portal and through the Configuration Manager console. The configuration is even still available in the Configuration Manager console. However, this option should not be used anymore. The advise is to use one of the other two options. This was also the most limiting MFA requirement, as it was only available for Windows devices.

End-user experience

Let’s end this post with a brief look at the end-user experience. It’s hard to point out any differences between the different methods. At least from a look-and-feel perspective. The only difference might be the moment of the MFA prompt. However, that might not even be noticed by a normal end-user. The end-user will simply get a MFA challenge during the authentication and will probably not notice the difference in timing.

In other words, choosing the right option really depends on the scenario that must be addressed. It will not further impact the end-user.

MFA

More information

For more information about multi-factor authentication and conditional access, please refer to:

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Managing Windows 10 IoT Core devices via MDM

This week a new challenge for a new blog post, managing Windows 10 IoT Core devices. The nice thing about Windows 10, even Windows 10 IoT Core, is the availability of MDM. The availability of MDM is what will help me with managing Windows 10 IoT Core devices. In this post I’ll go through the steps to create an enrollment profile to enroll Windows 10 IoT Core devices in Microsoft Intune hybrid. I’ll end this post with an overview of the end result in Configuration Manager

Configuration

Let’s start by looking at the configuration in Configuration Manager. To create an enrollment profile, for Windows 10 IoT Core devices, it’s required to provide a certificate profile and it’s optionally to provide a Wi-Fi profile.

Create certificate profile

The required component of the enrollment profile is, as mentioned before, a certificate profile. The certificate profile is used to automatically provision a trusted root certificate to the enrolled device. As part of preparing for the certificate profile, export a root certificate.

1 Open the Configuration Manager administration console and navigate to Assets and Compliance > Compliance Settings > Company Resources > Certificate Profiles;
2 On the Home tab, in the Create group, click Create Certificate Profile to open the Create Certificate Profile Wizard;
3

CCPW_GeneralOn the General page, provide the following information and click Next;

  • Name: Provide a unique name for the certificate profile (max. 256 characters);
  • Description: (Optional) Provide a description about the certificate profile;
  • Select Trusted CA certificate.
4

CCP_TCACOn the Trusted CA Certificate page, provide the following information and click Next;

  • Browse to and select the Certificate file;
  • Select Computer certificate store – Root;
  • Certificate thumbprint will automatically populate.
5

CCPW_SPOn the Supported Platforms page, select Windows 10 and click Next;

Note: Windows 10 IoT Core doesn’t have it’s own platform option, which means that the generic Windows 10 should be used to make it applicable to all Windows 10 devices.

6 On the Summary page, click Next;
7 On the Completion page, click Close.

(Optional) Create Wi-Fi profile

The optional component of the enrollment profile is, as mentioned before, a Wi-Fi profile. In some scenarios this might be a required component, but it’s not required for the creation of an enrollment profile. Including a Wi-Fi profile in the enrollment profile can be useful when the Windows 10 IoT Core device needs the Wi-Fi profile for connecting with the Internet.

Create enrollment profile

After creating the required and optional components for the enrollment profile, it’s time to create the enrollment profile. The enrollment profile specifies settings that are required for the Windows 10 IoT Core device enrollment, including a certificate profile that will dynamically provision a trusted root certificate to the device and a Wi-Fi profile that will provision network settings if required.

1 Open the Configuration Manager administration console and navigate to Assets and Compliance > All Corporate-owned Devices > Windows > Enrollment Profile;
2 On the Home tab, in the Create group, click Create Enrollment Profile to open the Create Enrollment Profile wizard;
3

CEPW_GeneralOn the General page, provide the following information and click Next;

  • Name: Provide a unique name for the enrollment profile (max. 256 characters);
  • Description: (Optional) Provide a description about the enrollment profile;
  • Select as management authority Cloud.
4

CEPW_TrustedRootCertificateOn the Select Trusted Root Certificate page, select the earlier created certificate profile and click Next

5 On the Wi-Fi profiles page, optionally select the earlier created Wi-Fi profile and click Next;
6 On the Summary page, click Next;
7 On the Completion page, click Close.

Enrollment

After creating the enrollment profile and its required components, it’s time to look at delivering the enrollment profile to the Windows 10 IoT Core device. A Windows 10 IoT Core device doesn’t have the full-blown Windows 10 capabilities to perform a MDM enrollment. However, that doesn’t mean that they’re not capable. That’s were the enrollment package comes into the picture.

Export enrollment package

The first step in bringing the enrollment profile to the Windows 10 IoT Core device, is exporting the enrollment profile as an enrollment package.

1 Open the Configuration Manager administration console and navigate to Assets and Compliance > All Corporate-owned Devices > Windows > Enrollment Profile;
2 Select the earlier created enrollment profile and on the Home tab, in the Enrollment Profile group, click Export to open the Export Enrollment Package dialog box;
3

On the Export Enrollment Package dialog box, provide the following information and click Export;

  • EEP_GeneralValidity Period (days): Select the number of days that this package is valid;
  • Package File: Provide a unique name for the enrollment package;
  • Do not select the checkbox with Encrypt Package.
4 On the Export Enrollment Package dialog box, click OK;

Deploy enrollment package

The second step in bringing the enrollment profile to the Windows 10 IoT Core device, is copying the exported enrollment package to the Windows 10 IoT Core device. An alternative could be adding the enrollment package as a provisioning package to a Windows 10 IoT Core image.

1 Open File Explorer and remotely connect to the Windows 10 IoT Core device;
2 Copy the earlier created enrollment package to C:\Windows\Provisioning\Package;
3 Restart the Windows 10 IoT Core device.

End result

Now let’s end this post by looking at some of the information that will flow through the MDM channel into Configuration Manager. After restarting the Windows 10 IoT Core device it can take a couple of minutes before the device appears in Configuration Manager. The Windows 10 IoT Core device will show as a mobile device with the operating system IoTUAP (as shown below).

ConsoleOverview

After the first inventory of the Windows 10 IoT Core device, the information of the deivce will populate in the Resource Explorer. In my case, I used a Raspberry Pi 3 (as shown below on the left) and I installed a custom app (as shown below on the right).

RBP_DeviceInformation RBP_InstalledApps

The nice thing is that, as Windows 10 MDM is used in combination with Configuration Manager, I can extend the inventory (see the PTCLOUD entry above) and I can configure settings. For this I can use the available configuration service providers (CSP).

More information

For more about managing Windows 10 IoT Core devices and enrollment profiles (documentation for on-premises MDM), please refer to:

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Managing Windows Defender via Windows 10 MDM is getting easier and easier

This post is an updated version of a blog post that I did one-and-a-half year ago about managing Windows Defender, of Windows 10, via OMA-DM. As I still get questions about that post and the OMA-URI settings that are used in that post, I thought it would be good to mention that easier methods are available nowadays. Starting with Configuration Manager 1610 and the Microsoft Intune standalone update around March/ April 2016, it’s simply configurable through the console. No need anymore to configure all those OMA-URI settings manually.

Within this post I’ll provide a quick overview of the configuration options, followed by an overview of the end result. That end result will show how the configured settings simply translate to the known OMA-URI settings.

Configuration

Now let’s have a quick look at the required configurations for Microsoft Intune hybrid and Microsoft Intune standalone. I won’t provide a step-by-step guidance, but I will show were to find the settings and what to do with them.

Environment Configuration
Microsoft Intune hybrid

CCIW_WinDefThe configuration in Microsoft Intune hybrid can be performed by starting the Create Configuration Item Wizard in the Configuration Manager administration console. Make sure to select select Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (below Settings for devices managed without the Configuration Manager client) on the General page. Now select Windows Defender on the Device Settings page and the configuration can begin.

Once the configuration is finished the created configuration item can be added to a configuration baseline and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices managed via the MDM channel.

Microsoft Intune standalone

WinDef_MSISThe configuration in Microsoft Intune standalone can be performed by starting the Create Policy for General Configuration (Windows 10 Desktop and Mobile and later) in the Microsoft Intune administration console. Navigate to the Endpoint Protection section and the Windows Defender settings will show.

Once the configuration is finished the policy can be saved and can be deployed to Windows 10 devices managed via the MDM channel.

Note: That these configuration options are available nowadays, doesn’t mean that it’s not possible anymore to create custom OMA-URI settings. That is still a valid method to configure these type of settings and changes to these types of settings will always be the first available via custom OMA-URI settings.

End result

Let’s finish this post by looking at the end result. I could do this by showing the Windows Defender section in the Settings panel on a Windows 10 device, but that will only show grayed out settings and the message Some settings are managed by your organization. I think it’s more interesting to link the created settings to the OMA-URI settings. A great place to look at that is the Deployments node in the Configuration Manager administration console. When I’m looking at the compliance state of the deployment, it will show the Setting Name and the related Instance (in this case the OMA-URI setting), as shown below.

WinDef_Compl

Like last week, I can use a combination of PSEXEC and my favorite WMI Explorer, to locate the created instance with the results of the created policies. As should be familiar by now, the Policy/Result node groups the evaluated policies from all available providers that can be configured. That’s the reason why the example below shows the MDM_Policy_Result01_Defender02 class instead of the MDM_Policy_Config01_Defender02 class. The first class relates to the Policy/Result node and the second class relates to the Policy/Config node.

MDM_Defender02

More information

Fore more information about the managing Windows Defender and the Policy CSP, please refer to:

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